1. MERCOSUR: El Mercado Común del Sur (MERCOSUR) es un proceso de integración regional instituido inicialmente por Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Uruguay al cual en fases posteriores se han incorporado Venezuela* y Bolivia, ésta última en proceso de adhesión.(MERCOSUR, 2021)

MERCOSUR: The Southern Common Market (or MERCOSUR, according to the Spanish acronym) is a regional integration process initially created by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Later, Venezuela also joined MERCOSUR (however currently suspended) and Bolivia, which is still in the process of accession to MERCOSUR. MERCOSUR is an open and dynamic process. Since its creation, its main objective has been to promote a common space that generates trade and investment opportunities through the competitive integration of national economies into the international market. However, and despite its name, it is not currently a common market, but an imperfect customs union because some products duty’s must be paid. MERCOSUR has entered into multiple agreements with States or groups of States, granting them, in some cases, the status of AssociatedStates, for example, with Chile, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, among others. They participate in activities and meetings of the bloc and have trade preferences with the States Parties. (Guardatti, 2020, pp. 1-2)

2. Modelo de negocios se define como: una herramienta que describe los pilares fundamentales del negocio y la relación y coordinación entre estos, a partir de los cuales una organización crea y proporciona valor a los clientes, satisfaciendo sus necesidades, de manera rentable. El modelo de negocio puede ser para transformar una idea en un negocio o para replantear los pilares del modelo actual (Toniut, 2020, p. 147).

A business model includes all core business processes such as the production, logistical, marketing and cooperative arrangements in use as well as the main products that a firm sells, currently or in the future, to achieve its strategic goals and objectives. A firm can use a single business model or several business models at the same time, for instance for different product lines or markets.(OECD/Eurostat, 2018, p. 76).

 Referencias bibliográficas

1.Guardatti, G. A. (2020). The Integration Law in MERCOSUR. Analele stiintifice ale Universitatii "Al.l.Cuza" din lasi, 66 (2)- ISSN: 1221-8464. Recuperado de: https://zaguan.unizar.es/search?ln=en&sc=1&p=Guardatti+2020 

2.MERCOSUR. (2021). En pocas palabras. ¿Qué es el MERCOSUR? Recuperado de: from https://www.mercosur.int/quienes-somos/en-pocas-palabras/

3.OECD/Eurostat. (2018). The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activities. Oslo Manual 2018. Guidelines for Collecting, Reporting and Using Data on Innovation (4th ed.). Paris/Eurostat, Luxembourg: OECD Publishing.

4.Toniut, H. R. (2020). El uso del Modelo de Negocio para la innovación empresarial: aportes de los principales autores. Palermo Business Review(22), 139-156.

 5.Norma española UNE 166006, Gestión de la I+D+i: Sistema de Vigilancia e Inteligencia,  (2018).