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Meteorology (from Greek (meteoron): 'high in the sky', meteor, and (logos): 'knowledge, tried') is the interdisciplinary science, essentially a branch of Atmospheric Physics, who studies the weather , ambient air, locally produced phenomena and laws that govern it.

Remember that the Earth consists of three main parts: a part exit called lithosphere, in good proportion covered by water (called hydrosphere) and two third layer enveloped by a gaseous atmosphere. These interrelated producing profound changes in their characteristics. The science that studies these features, properties and the movements of the three fundamental layers of the Earth, Geophysics. In that sense, meteorology is a branch of geophysics which aims detailed study of the gaseous envelope of the earth and its phenomena.

One must distinguish between current conditions and its evolution called weather, and the average conditions over a long period is known as local climate or region.

By studying the phenomena occurring in the atmosphere is defined weather climate, forecast the weather, understanding the interaction of the atmosphere with other subsystems, etc.. Knowledge of climate variability has always been of utmost importance for the development of agriculture, navigation, military operations and life in general.

The Radiochemistry is a branch of chemistry that studies chemical reactions using techniques based on radioactivity.
Using radioactive isotopes can determine the mechanism of chemical reactions, studying the decay of radioactive reagents, or reaction intermediates.

Some applications

In Medicine

  • Radiotherapy uses ionizing radiation for therapeutic purposes. It is based on high doses of radiation to cancerous tumors, destroying or damaging them so they can not grow, spread or multiply.
  • The Radiology aims to diagnose disease, using images and data obtained by ionizing and non-ionizing.

In Biochemistry

By isotopic labeling (carbon-14) were determined metabolites many reactions of metabolic pathways.

In Archaeology and Geology

Due to the existence of natural radioactive isotopes in archaeological objects by radioactivity measurements, these can be dated (carbon-14 method).
In Geology can find out the age of the rocks through the study of some radioisotopes (potassium-40 0 uranium-235, for example).

Environmental Chemistry

It is of great importance to study the radioisotopes present in the environment (radiation contamination), both natural and artificially produced, and that elevated levels of these affecting both human health and the environment.

Nuclear physics is a branch of physics that studies the properties and behavior of atomic nuclei. Nuclear physics is known mostly by society for the use of nuclear energy in nuclear power plants and the development of nuclear weapons, both fission and nuclear fusion. In a broader context, defines nuclear and particle physics as the branch of physics that studies the fundamental structure of matter and the interactions between subatomic particles.

Scientists relevant in nuclear physics

  • Henri Becquerel
  • Niels Bohr
  • Marie Curie
  • Pierre Curie
  • Irene Joliot-Curie
  • Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie
  • Isidor Isaac Rabi
  • Robert Oppenheimer
  • Wolfgang Paul
  • John von Neumann
  • Albert Einstein
  • Enrico Fermi
  • Ernest Rutherford

Nuclear engineering is the practical application of atomic nuclei treated by the principles of chemistry and nuclear physics and the interaction between radiation and matter. This field of engineering includes the design, analysis, development, testing, operation and maintenance of the systems and components of nuclear fission, specifically nuclear reactors, power plants producing electricity through nuclear energy transformation and nuclear weapons . This engineering field may also include nuclear safety, licensing facilities, heat and mass transport (thermohydraulics), nuclear fuels technology, nuclear proliferation, nuclear chemistry, radioactive waste management and radioactive environments.

List of universities offering nuclear engineering courses in Spanish

Argentina

Balseiro Institute, an academic unit of the National University of Cuyo. Nuclear Engineering (degree), specialization in technological applications of nuclear engineering (graduate), Master of Engineering with specialization in Nuclear Engineering (graduate) and PhD in nuclear engineering (graduate).

Mexico

  • University of the State of Mexico, Master of Nuclear Science.
  • National Autonomous University of Mexico, Master's and Ph.D. in Nuclear Power Systems.
  • National Autonomous University of Mexico, Masters in nuclear physics.
  • National Polytechnic Institute, MS in Nuclear Engineering.
  • National Nuclear Research Institute Nuclear Engineering.